Introduction

Egypt has faced many serious problems that slowed its development plans and growth. One of these problems is poverty, which is considered a major problem that threats the security of the country and its own people.  Over many past years governments have neglected many parts of Egypt, which caused many slums and unplanned areas to appear.  The reason behind poverty increasing in Egypt was and still is the corruption that is spread throughout the government body including officials and normal employees. These employees chose this path because of their low income and unpleasant lifestyle so the majority tends to take bribes and carry out favors for businessmen. The overall philosophy that was carried out was to establish an economy that had a capitalism perspective. The government didn’t think of the consequences of such plans, which in return made a huge social gap between different classes in the Egyptian society. The rich were getting richer and the poor kept getting poorer. Poverty in Egypt is one of the most common problems in Egypt. The economic slowdown began in 2008 and grew more in the past years due to the high rates of unemployment. The unemployment rate was approx. 9.5 in the events of 2011 and has been increasing to 13.4 in 2014 and will keep on growing even more in the coming years. Also the revolution of 2011 had a very big effect on the Egyptian economy and people’s livelihoods. Most of the poor people in Egypt live in Upper Egypt, where is known to be high illiteracy rates and mortality rate, especially infants. They die because they don’t have access to water, in terms of quantity and quality, or sanitations and most infants are under weight. Inequalities is one of the main reasons resulting in very high rates of poverty. The Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics claims that Egypt’s poverty rate is increasing, as it was 25.2 per cent in 2010/2011 and in 2012/2013 it has reached 26.3 per cent. 26 percent of Egypt’s population live in poverty and around 49 per cent of people in Upper Egypt can’t provide basic needs. According to WFP and CAMPAS, 17 per cent of Egypt population suffers food insecurities. The two cities in Egypt with the highest rates are Asyut and Qena. However, these data differs every period of time due to birth rates and death rates. It may also not be so accurate due to many changes in the society. Also a major problem is that people in greater Cairo underestimate the number of poor people in Upper Egypt. The costs of the basic needs, such as food and non-food needs, are too high in Upper Egypt. As a matter of fact, poor people pay more money their needs than those who live in greater Cairo. Poverty lines must be set to be compatible to these people, in order to get food, par for rent, transportation, electricity and sanitations.

– written by KH and HK. (approved by all other authors)


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